更多的人工智能书籍,而不是人工智能玩具!——对孩子们进行人工智能(AI)教育从家庭开始

今天,我们的孩子成长在一个日益数字化的时代,科技充斥着他们生活的方方面面。从智能玩具、社交媒体网络到教室和家庭,人工智能(AI)在孩子们的日常生活中无处不在。
世界上有成百上千的人工智能玩具在帮助孩子们。许多玩具制造商坚持认为玩具具有教育意义,改善玩耍,真正帮助孩子发展社交技能。与我们日常使用的许多其他设备一样,这些智能玩具将我们的孩子连接到互联网上,这可能会危及安全和隐私。
今天,我们的孩子是第一代在人工智能的陪伴下成长的人。他们是这个世界的年轻观察者,在这个世界里,几乎任何问题都可以通过语音指令得到解答,物品都可以购买,冲动也可以通过语音指令得到满足,比如:“Alexa,点纸巾,”或者“好吧,谷歌,提醒我今天下午去Trader Joe’s买草莓。”或者“嘿,Siri,给奶奶发个短信,问问她的医生预约时间是什么时候?”
这些酷炫的技术提出了一些严肃的问题,关于我们的孩子如何与他们、与其他孩子互动,以及在他们成长过程中,它可能如何塑造他们的互动和发展。自从流感爆发以来,每一位父母最关心的问题之一就是减少使用科技产品或看屏幕的时间。
我坚信应该为孩子们读真正的书。我们需要记住我们的孩子最基本的一点,那就是我们不能让任何东西介入人与人之间的对话。所以,在把最新的智能手机、智能平板电脑或人工智能玩具送给我们的孩子之前,我们应该跟他们谈谈人工智能。这就是我们为儿童设计人工智能图画书系列的原因。只要看看父母给孩子读实体书;当他们翻书的时候,他们有时候休息,有时会编造一些他们曾经在动物园或丛林里看到猴子的故事,或者跑题。我相信这种与小孩子之间的来回对话是他们了解人工智能主题的最好方式,比如:
– 人工智能如何看待世界
 AI如何做出选择
 人工智能是如何学习的
 人工智能如何改变世界
 我们如何与人工智能合作
我是一个热衷于儿童人工智能教育的人。不过,我们需要记住,我们与谷歌Home、Siri或亚马逊Echo等设备的互动根本不是真实或真实的对话,尽管这些设备的本意是作为对话代理。我们必须记住,我们与智能设备的交互真的是肤浅的,缺乏大多数人与人之间的对话特征。
今天的智能设备远不及人类的复杂程度,或者更具体地说,远不及那些能够自然地教孩子学习第一语言的父母的复杂程度。
事实是,Alexa、Siri、谷歌Home和许多其他智能设备,或者我应该说,人工智能日益增长的功能可能不是我们孩子最健康的关系。不过,它的存在肯定会长期存在。
我们不仅要帮助孩子们理解和利用人工智能的强大工具,而且要在早期仔细权衡其道德和社会影响。
我们的孩子应该有权利接受人工智能教育,这样他们才能在智力、情感和道德上与人工智能一起茁壮成长。在未来十年左右,对大多数儿童来说,人工智能将成为他们的同事、司机、保险代理人、客户服务代表、银行出纳员、接待员、放射科医生,简而言之,它们将是他们生活中自然而然的一部分。我们希望人工智能图画书系列,能够帮助我们的孩子们从技术颠覆的被动旁观者,转变为当地社区和世界积极变化的积极参与者。

More AI Books, Not AI Toys! – Teaching Artificial Intelligence (AI) to Children Starts at Home
Today, our children grow up in an increasingly digital age in which technology fills every part of their lives. From smart toys and social media networks to the classroom and home, artificial intelligence (AI) is everywhere in children’s everyday lives.  
There are hundreds of artificial intelligence toys that are befriending children around the world. Many toymakers insist they are educational, improving play, and genuinely assisting children in developing social skills. Like many other devices we use daily, these smart toys are connecting our children to the internet, and that might put security and privacy at risk.  
Our children today are the first real generation to grow up with AI everywhere. They are young observers of a world in which almost any question being answered, items being purchased, and impulse being fulfilled by voice commands like; “Alexa, order paper towel,” or “Ok, Google, remind me to buy strawberries at Trader Joe’s this afternoon,” or “Hey Siri, send a text to grandma to ask what time is her doctor’s appointment?”  
These cool technologies raise serious questions about how our children interact with them, with other children, and how it might shape their interactions and development as they grow up. And since the beginning of the pandemic, one of the significant concerns of every parent is to reduce using technology or screen time.
I am a firm believer in reading real books for children. We need to remember something fundamental with our children, that we cannot let anything come in between the human conversation. So before giving the latest smartphone, smart tablet, or AI toy to our children, we should talk to them about AI. That’s why we have designed an AI Picture Book Series for Children. Just look at parents reading physical books to their kids; they break when they turn the pages and sometimes play around or go off on side stories about how they once saw monkeys at the zoo or in the jungle. I believe this back and forth conversation with little kids is the best way they can learn about AI subject matters such as:  
How AI Sees the World
How AI Makes Choices
How AI Learns
How AI can change the World
How We Work with AI
I am an enthusiast of AI education for children. Still, we need to keep in mind that our interactions with devices like Google Home, Siri, or Amazon Echo are not real or authentic conversations at all, even though these devices are meant as conversation agents. We must keep in mind that our interactions with smart devices are truly superficial and lack most of the person-to-person conversation hallmarks.  
Today smart devices are nowhere near the sophistication of a human, or more specifically, the complexity of parents who can naturally coach their children in picking up their first language.
The truth is that Alexa, Siri, Google Home, and so many other smart devices, or I should say the growing feature of AI may not be the healthiest relationship for our children. Still, its presence will surely be long-lasting. 
We owe it to our children not only to help them understand and utilize the powerful tools of AI but also to thoughtfully weigh its moral and social implications early on. 
Our children should have the right to be AI-educated so they can thrive intellectually, emotionally, and morally alongside AI. In the next decade or so, for most children, AI will be their co-workers, drivers, insurance agents, customer service representatives, bank tellers, receptionists, radiologists, in short, a natural part of their lives. We hope that the AI Picture Book series can help our children transform them from a passive spectator of technology disruption to active participants of positive change in their local communities and the world.  

Roozbeh Aliabadi 专家专栏
美国AI教育先驱ReadyAI CEO,全球增长顾问公司合伙人,厚仁集团学生领航导师,美国陆军特种部队心理作战司前军官,《论坛报》提名杰出青年公民。
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