如何培养自主学习能力

By Brian J. White

 

真正的学习永远靠自身的约束和努力,我们应当时刻为学习创造动力和目标。

当学习时, 我们应该时常问自己一些问题:

第一,为了检测进步我们要问以下问题:

–       在学习了一段时间后,我是否发现了自己某些方面的长进?

–       现在的学习方式对我而言,是浪费时间吗?

 

第二,如果你对第一问的答案不满意,那应该更进一步的找出原因:

–       我为这次学习设置了明确可行的目标吗?

–       我有可实现的短期目标吗?

 

第三,找出目标后,如何把目标转换为可以实际衡量的分数、任务或其他结果?

–       花费时间联系能让我进步吗?

–       我需要更多的指导或外界干预吗?

–       我要做些什么,才能让自己更好的进入学习情境?

–       哪些力量、学习技巧或学习习惯,能让我更多的愿意学习并且能学好?

–       对我而言,学习中最大的阻碍是什么?我一般怎么处理他们?周围学习有成效的同学又是怎么处理的?

 

 

Learning to learn independently

By Brian J. White

 

Motivation comes from within… true learning is done by one’s self. Questions for the learner:

 

Am I making progress?

–       Is there a difference in my learning over time?

–       Am I wasting time?

 

In order to answer:

–       Have I set goals?

–       What are my interim targets?

 

Turn your goals and targets into questions which can be answered with scores, tasks, or hard results.

–       Will time and practice make a difference?

–       Do I need more instruction or explicit intervention?

–       What steps must I take to actively engage myself in learning?

–       What personal strengths, study skills, or academic habits are assets in increasing my interest and success in learning?

–       What are obstacles and distractions for me? How do I deal with them? How do others?